The First Animal Astronauts
These pioneering space animals did not volunteer to travel into space, but their adventures captured the imagination of millions as they watched these animals make history.
- Laika, a mixed-breed dog, was the first living being in orbit. She was launched on the Soviet Union’s Sputnik 2 mission in November of 1957.
- A rhesus monkey named Sam is shown after his flight in December of 1959, which tested the launch-escape system of NASA’s Mercury spacecraft.
- Enos the chimpanzee being readied for his orbital spaceflight of November 1961.